Who Gave Knowledge To Hanuman?

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Hanuman, the revered Vanara god in Hindu mythology, holds a special place in the hearts of devotees worldwide. His unwavering devotion to Lord Rama and his incredible feats of strength and courage are legendary. However, another aspect of Hanuman’s character often gets less attention: his insatiable thirst for knowledge. But who exactly gave knowledge to Hanuman?

Seeking the Light: Surya’s Guidance

Many versions of the Ramayana, the epic Hindu poem, narrate Hanuman’s quest for knowledge. One popular account details his encounter with Surya, the sun god. As a young Vanara, Hanuman, fueled by an insatiable curiosity, attempted to catch the sun, mistaking it for a giant fruit. Surya, initially enraged, recognized Hanuman’s pure intentions and offered him a choice: immense strength or the gift of knowledge. True to his character, Hanuman opted for wisdom, understanding that strength was meaningless without the guidance of knowledge.

Surya, impressed by his choice, became Hanuman’s first teacher. He imparted upon him the Vedas, the ancient scriptures, and various other branches of knowledge, including grammar, astrology, and medicine. Hanuman, a diligent student, absorbed everything with remarkable speed and became a master of various disciplines.

Beyond Surya: Other Sources of Wisdom

While Surya was the primary source of Hanuman’s formal education, other figures in his life also contributed to his vast knowledge Below are some of the eternal figures who gave knowledge to Hanuman.


His mother, Anjana, instilled in him the values of devotion, courage, and righteousness.

  • Stories and Traditions: It’s possible Anjana shared stories, folktales, and cultural traditions that indirectly shaped Hanuman’s understanding of the world, dharma, and his role within it.
  • Nurturing Environment: By providing a loving and supportive environment, Anjana may have fostered Hanuman’s natural inquisitiveness and encouraged him to seek knowledge independently.


The wind god, Hanuman’s father, bestowed upon him the ability to fly and immense physical strength. Some interpretations suggest that Vayu blessed Hanuman with specific abilities or boons related to his wind-based nature. These blessings could be considered a form of indirect knowledge transfer.


The mentor of the gods, taught him the art of warfare and diplomacy. As the mentor of the Gods, Brihaspati is associated with vast knowledge encompassing various fields. It’s possible that Hanuman, through his association with other deities or sages, indirectly accessed this knowledge or wisdom.


The bear king, recognized Hanuman’s true potential and guided him towards his destiny in Rama’s service.

  • When Hanuman expressed doubts about his ability to leap across the ocean to Lanka, Jambavan recognized him and revealed his true identity as the son of Vayu, the wind god.
  • Jambavan recounted Hanuman’s past feats of strength and agility, reminding him of his immense potential that he had forgotten due to a curse.
  • This act of reminding and encouraging rekindled Hanuman’s confidence and empowered him to undertake the seemingly impossible task of reaching Lanka.

Lord Rama 

Throughout his adventures with Rama, Hanuman learned valuable lessons about leadership, loyalty, and overcoming seemingly insurmountable challenges.

While Rama didn’t directly provide knowledge, he served as a guiding light and inspiration for Hanuman, shaping his values, purpose, and understanding of dharma. Hanuman’s devotion to Rama fueled his desire to learn and use his knowledge for righteous causes.

So, while Rama didn’t directly impart knowledge, his presence and influence played a crucial role in shaping Hanuman’s character, values, and motivations, which ultimately led him to acquire vast knowledge and wisdom.

The Significance of Hanuman’s Knowledge

Hanuman’s thirst for knowledge wasn’t just about personal gain; it was instrumental in his service to Rama. His understanding of the scriptures helped him navigate complex situations, and his knowledge of warfare proved invaluable in the battle against Ravana. Moreover, his wisdom and diplomacy played a crucial role in uniting different forces and ensuring the success of Rama’s mission.

Beyond the Ramayana: Hanuman’s Legacy as a Scholar

Hanuman’s quest for knowledge extends beyond the Ramayana. He is revered as a scholar and a master of various disciplines, including grammar, astrology, and medicine. Several texts, including the Hanuman Chalisa and the Yoga Vasistha, attribute the authorship to him.


Hanuman’s journey for knowledge is an inspiration not only for Hindus but for anyone seeking to grow and contribute to the world. His story reminds us that true power lies in the combination of knowledge, wisdom, and unwavering devotion to a higher purpose. By following his example, we can all embark on our own quests for knowledge, using it to make a positive impact on ourselves and the world around us.


Q: Was Hanuman already powerful before receiving knowledge from Surya?

A: Yes, Hanuman possessed immense strength and abilities due to his divine parentage. However, knowledge refined his power and guided him towards righteous action.

Q: Did Hanuman ever use his knowledge for personal gain?

A: No. He used his wisdom solely for the benefit of others, especially in his service to Rama and the fight against evil.

Q: What lessons can we learn from Hanuman’s quest for knowledge?

A: Several lessons are embedded in Hanuman’s story:
1. The pursuit of knowledge should be driven by a pure heart and a desire to do good.
2. Knowledge without wisdom is incomplete; both are essential for righteous action.
3. Learning is a lifelong journey; seek knowledge from various sources and continue to learn throughout your life.
4. Use your knowledge to serve others and make the world a better place.

Q: Is there a symbolic meaning behind who gave knowledge to Hanuman?

Different interpretations exist. Some see Lord Surya as representing enlightenment and knowledge, while others view it as a broader representation of acquiring wisdom from various sources and teachers.

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