How did Hanuman get a son?

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Hanuman, the revered monkey god in Hinduism, is renowned for his unwavering devotion, immense strength, and unwavering loyalty. However, a lesser-known aspect of his legend surrounds the question: Did Hanuman have a son? and How did Hanuman get a son? While the Ramayana, the epic poem narrating his exploits, remains silent on the subject, various regional narratives offer intriguing possibilities. This article delves into these diverse interpretations, exploring the fascinating mystery of Hanuman’s potential offspring.

The Makaradhwaja:

The most prevalent account portrays Makaradhwaja, a powerful warrior, as Hanuman’s son. Here, the origin story takes two forms:

The Sweat Drop: 

  • In this version, The more prevalent story revolves around a character named Makardhwaja. In this narrative, after setting fire to Lanka, Hanuman plunges into the ocean to cool his burning tail. A single drop of his sweat falls into the mouth of a mythical creature known as a “Makara,” causing her to become pregnant. The offspring born from this unusual union is Makardhwaja, who grows up to be a formidable warrior.
  • However, the story doesn’t end there. When Hanuman embarks on a mission to the underworld to rescue Rama and Lakshmana, he encounters Makardhwaja, who claims to be his son and challenges him to a duel. Initially skeptical, Hanuman eventually recognizes Makardhwaja’s prowess and acknowledges him as his son.
  • This tale, though widely known, is not universally accepted. Some scholars argue that it is a later addition to the Ramayana, possibly incorporated to enhance the narrative’s complexity. Others highlight inconsistencies within the story, such as the unusual conception and the lack of mention in earlier versions of the epic.

The Blessing:

  • Another version suggests that during Hanuman’s underwater search for Sita in Lanka, he encounters a fish-like creature. Recognizing him as a divine being, the creature seeks his blessing for offspring. Hanuman obliges, and the creature gives birth to Makaradhwaja.

Controversy and Reconciliation:

The Makaradhwaja narrative faces criticism due to its absence in the core Ramayana. Moreover, Hanuman’s vow of celibacy contradicts the notion of fatherhood. However, proponents argue that the concept of “spiritual sonship” reconciles these contradictions, highlighting Hanuman’s role as a mentor and protector. Additionally, the narrative’s regional popularity suggests its cultural significance and adherence to local traditions.

Other Accounts of Paternity:

While Makaradhwaja remains the most prominent son-figure, other narratives exist:


  • The second narrative, found in certain regional versions of the Ramayana, particularly the Thai epic Ramakien, paints a different picture. Here, Hanuman encounters a beautiful princess named Suvannamaccha, the daughter of the demon king Ravana. Their encounter leads to a union, resulting in the birth of a son named Macchanu.
  • While this version raises theological concerns. Hanuman is traditionally considered celibate and devoted solely to Rama.

Exploring the Significance:

Regardless of their factual accuracy, these narratives illuminate several aspects:

  • Highlighting Hanuman’s Power: These stories reinforce Hanuman’s divine potency, suggesting his essence can create life even through indirect means.
  • Celebrating Loyalty and Devotion: The narratives often portray the “sons” as figures who emulate Hanuman’s values, perpetuating his legacy of devotion and service.
  • Regional Variations and Cultural Significance: These diverse accounts showcase the fluidity and adaptability of Hindu mythology across regions.


These narratives are primarily interpretations and embellishments on the original Ramayana. Their purpose lies in enriching the story and offering diverse perspectives on Hanuman’s character and legacy.


The question of Hanuman’s son remains shrouded in myth and regional interpretations. While not part of the core Ramayana, these narratives offer fascinating insights into the adaptability of Hindu mythology and its ability to inspire devotion and reflection. Ultimately, the mystery surrounding Hanuman’s potential offspring serves as a testament to the enduring power of his legend and its continuous evolution through diverse storytelling traditions.


Q: Did Hanuman really have a son?

A: There’s no definitive answer. While the core Ramayana doesn’t mention it, regional narratives offer intriguing possibilities. The Makaradhwaja narrative remains the most prominent, though others like Macchanu and Matsyaraja exist.

Q: How did Makaradhwaja supposedly come into existence?

A: Two main versions exist: A drop of Hanuman’s sweat impregnating a creature called Makara or a blessing bestowed upon a fish-like creature.

Q: Why is the Makaradhwaja narrative controversial?

A: It contradicts Hanuman’s vow of celibacy and is absent in the core Ramayana. Proponents argue for the concept of “spiritual sonship” and its regional significance.

Q: What is the significance of these narratives?

A: They highlight Hanuman’s divine power, celebrate his values through the “sons,” and showcase the diversity and adaptability of Hindu mythology across regions.

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